Jalairid Sultanate

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Şablon:Infobox Former Country Şablon:History of Greater Iran

Dosya:Jalayrids Baghdad 1382 1387.jpg
Jalairid coinage, Baghdad, 1382-1387.

The Jalairids were a Mongol Jalayir dynasty which ruled over Iraq and western Persia after the breakup of the Mongol khanate of Persia in the 1330s.<ref>Bayne Fisher, William. The Cambridge History of Iran, p.3: "From then until Timur's invasion of the country, Iran was under the rule of various rival petty princes of whom henceforth only the Jalairids could claim Mongol lineage"</ref> The Jalairid sultanate lasted about fifty years, until disrupted by Timur's conquests and the revolts of the Kara Koyunlu ("Black Sheep") Turkmen.<ref>The History Files Rulers of Persia</ref> After Timur's death in 1405, there was a brief attempt to re-establish the sultanate in southern Iraq and Khuzistan. The Jalairids were finally eliminated by the Kara Koyunlu in 1432.

Government[değiştir]

The Jalairid administration and chancellery was modeled after Ilkhanate protocols, with documents in Persian and Mongolian.<ref name="Broadbridge157" /> Their diplomatic correspondence also copied the Ilkhanate's, using a red ink square seal with Islamic phrases in Arabic.<ref name="Broadbridge157" />

Rulers of Jalayirid Sultanate[değiştir]

Title/Name<ref>Bosworth, Clifford Edmund. The new Islamic dynasties: a chronological and genealogical manual. New Edinburgh Islamic Surveys Series; ISBN 0-7486-2137-7, 978-0-7486-2137-8</ref> Personal Name Reign
Taj-ud-Din
Şablon:Nastaliq
Hasan Buzurg 1336–1356
Mu'izz-ud-duniya wa al-Din
Şablon:Nastaliq
Bahadur Khan
Şablon:Nastaliq
Shaikh Awais Jalayir 1356–1374
Jalal-ud-Din
Şablon:Nastaliq
Shaikh Hasan Jalayir 1374
Ghiyas-ud-Din
Şablon:Nastaliq
Shaikh Hussain Jalayir 1374–1382
Shaikh Bayazid Jalayir
Ruler of Iraq-i 'Ajam at Soltaniyeh and contender for the throne
1382-1384
Sultan
Şablon:Nastaliq
Sultan Ahmed Jalayir
Ruler of Iraq-i 'Arab at Baghdad and contender for the throne
1382–1410
Shah Walad Jalayir
son of Shaikh Ali Jalayir
1410–1411
Sultan
Şablon:Nastaliq
Mahmud bin Shah Walad Jalayir
under tutelage of Tandu Khatun
1411 (1st reign)
Sultan
Şablon:Nastaliq
Awais bin Shah Walad Jalayir 1411-1421
Sultan
Şablon:Nastaliq
Muhammad bin Shah Walad Jalayir 1421
Sultan
Şablon:Nastaliq
Mahmud bin Shah Walad Jalayir 1421-1425 (2nd reign)
Hussain bin Ala-ud-Daulah bin Sultan Ahmed Jalayir 1425-1432

Family tree[değiştir]

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See also[değiştir]

References[değiştir]

<references/>

Şablon:Mongol Empire

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